1 - 2 - 3 - 4

 
The African Union
 
NEPAD
 
The African Union
 
NEPAD

Human Rights in Development | Good governance
www.unhchr.ch/development/governance.html

Transparency International, the only international non-governmental organisation devoted to combating corruption, brings civil society, business, and governments together in a powerful global coalition.

www.transparency.org/

The Internet Center for Corruption Research provides you with the TI-Corruption Perceptions Index, a comparative assessment of country's integrity performance, alongside with related academic research on corruption.
www.icgg.org/

2004 Data:
www.icgg.org/corruption.cpi_2004_data.html

The World Bank Group’s mission is to fight poverty and improve the living standards of people in the developing world. It is a development Bank which provides loans, policy advice, technical assistance and knowledge sharing services to low and middle income countries to reduce poverty. The Bank promotes growth to create jobs and to empower poor people to take advantage of these opportunities.
www.worldbank.org/

The IMF is an organization of 184 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty.
www.imf.org/

World Debt:
www.worlddebt.com/

Congo Free State

The Congo Free State was a kingdom privately and controversially 'owned' by King Leopold II of Belgium that included the entire area now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Leopold II began laying the diplomatic, military, and economic groundwork for his control of the Congo in 1877, and ruled it outright from early 1885 until its annexation by Belgium in 1908.

Under Leopold II's administration, the Congo Free State was subject to a terror regime, including atrocities such as mass killings and maimings which were used to subjugate the indigenous tribes of the Congo region and to procure slave labour. Estimates of the death toll range from three to twenty-two million.

Beginning in 1900, news of the conditions in the Congo Free State began to be exposed in European and U.S. press. By 1908 public pressure and diplomatic manoeuvres led to the end of Leopold II's rule, and to the annexation of the Congo as a colony of Belgium, known as the Belgian Congo.

The congo Free State
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Congo_Free_State
Report by Roger Casement, on the Administration of the Congo Free State
http://web.jjay.cuny.edu/~jobrien/reference/ob73.html

THE HOLOCAUST

The Holocaust was the systematic, bureaucratic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. "Holocaust" is a word of Greek origin meaning "sacrifice by fire." The Nazis, who came to power in Germany in January 1933, believed that Germans were "racially superior" and that the Jews, deemed "inferior," were "life unworthy of life." During the era of the Holocaust, the Nazis also targeted other groups because of their perceived "racial inferiority": Roma (Gypsies), the handicapped, and some of the Slavic peoples (Poles, Russians, and others). Other groups were persecuted on political and behavioral grounds, among them Communists, Socialists, Jehovah's Witnesses, and homosexuals.

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://www.ushmm.org/

CNN - 9/11 Video Archive

"This morning we were at Midtown Manhattan on the 31st floor of a building facing south. We saw a (Boeing) 767 flying low down the center of the island of Manhattan, heading toward downtown Manhattan. About, maybe, 20 blocks north of the World Trade Center, we saw the plane veer to the left and fly directly into the north side of the south tower. This was the first plane, a 767."

Day Of Terror Video Archive
http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/trade.center/multimedia.day.html

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born in a village near Umtata in the Transkei on the 18 July 1918. His father was the principal councillor to the Acting Paramount Chief of Thembuland. After his father s death, the young Rolihlahla became the Paramount Chief s ward to be groomed to assume high office. However, influenced by the cases that came before the Chief s court, he determined to become a lawyer. Hearing the elders stories of his ancestors valour during the wars of resistance in defence of their fatherland, he dreamed also of making his own contribution to the freedom struggle of his people. More....

"In its commitment to conflict resolution, to the removal of poverty as well as improving the health of the public, especially in regard to terminal diseases, the Foundation has joined those organisations that bring hope to many people in our country and possibly beyond our borders".

Nelson Mandela

The Nelson Mandela Foundation
www.nelsonmandela.org

Jimmy Carter
Biography

Jimmy Carter aspired to make Government "competent and compassionate," responsive to the American people and their expectations. His achievements were notable, but in an era of rising energy costs, mounting inflation, and continuing tensions, it was impossible for his administration to meet these high expectations.

Carter, who has rarely used his full name--James Earl Carter, Jr.--was born October 1, 1924, in Plains, Georgia. Peanut farming, talk of politics, and devotion to the Baptist faith were mainstays of his upbringing. Upon graduation in 1946 from the Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland, Carter married Rosalynn Smith. The Carters have three sons, John William (Jack), James Earl III (Chip), Donnel Jeffrey (Jeff), and a daughter, Amy Lynn.

After seven years' service as a naval officer, Carter returned to Plains. In 1962 he entered state politics, and eight years later he was elected Governor of Georgia. Among the new young southern governors, he attracted attention by emphasizing ecology, efficiency in government, and the removal of racial barriers.

Carter announced his candidacy for President in December 1974 and began a two-year campaign that gradually gained momentum. At the Democratic Convention, he was nominated on the first ballot. He chose Senator Walter F. Mondale of Minnesota as his running mate. Carter campaigned hard against President Gerald R. Ford, debating with him three times. Carter won by 297 electoral votes to 241 for Ford.

Carter worked hard to combat the continuing economic woes of inflation and unemployment. By the end of his administration, he could claim an increase of nearly eight million jobs and a decrease in the budget deficit, measured in percentage of the gross national product. Unfortunately, inflation and interest rates were at near record highs, and efforts to reduce them caused a short recession.

Carter could point to a number of achievements in domestic affairs. He dealt with the energy shortage by establishing a national energy policy and by decontrolling domestic petroleum prices to stimulate production. He prompted Government efficiency through civil service reform and proceeded with deregulation of the trucking and airline industries. He sought to improve the environment. His expansion of the national park system included protection of 103 million acres of Alaskan lands. To increase human and social services, he created the Department of Education, bolstered the Social Security system, and appointed record numbers of women, blacks, and Hispanics to Government jobs.

In foreign affairs, Carter set his own style. His championing of human rights was coldly received by the Soviet Union and some other nations. In the Middle East, through the Camp David agreement of 1978, he helped bring amity between Egypt and Israel. He succeeded in obtaining ratification of the Panama Canal treaties. Building upon the work of predecessors, he established full diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China and completed negotiation of the SALT II nuclear limitation treaty with the Soviet Union.

There were serious setbacks, however. The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan caused the suspension of plans for ratification of the SALT II pact. The seizure as hostages of the U. S. embassy staff in Iran dominated the news during the last 14 months of the administration. The consequences of Iran's holding Americans captive, together with continuing inflation at home, contributed to Carter's defeat in 1980. Even then, he continued the difficult negotiations over the hostages. Iran finally released the 52 Americans the same day Carter left office.

The Jimmy Carter Library and Museum:
http://www.jimmycarterlibrary.org/

The Carter Center:
http://www.cartercenter.org/

Clinton Global Initiative

Clinton Global Initiative
http://www.clintonglobalinitiative.org/home.nsf/pt_home


Doing Business
Benchmarking Business Regulations

The Doing Business database provides indicators of the cost of doing business by identifying specific regulations that enhance or constrain business investment, productivity, and growth. The indicators are developed by the Private Sector Vice Presidency of the World Bank Group in cooperation with the Lex Mundi Association of law firms and the International Bar Association.
The principal data collection methods for the indicators are the study of the existing laws and regulations in each economy; targeted interviews with regulators or private sector professionals in each topic; and cooperative arrangements with other departments of the World Bank, other donor agencies, private consulting firms, business and law associations. The project team prepared a set of templates or questionnaires for use by staff of the World Bank Group, or other agencies, in their work on business environment issues.

The topics covered include:

  • Starting a Business
  • Dealing with Licenses
  • Hiring & Firing Workers
  • Registering Property
  • Getting Credit
  • Protecting Investors
  • Paying Taxes
  • Trading Across Borders
  • Enforcing Contracts
  • Closing a Business

Doing Business
http://www.doingbusiness.org/

I Used To Believe

I Used To Believe is a funny and bizarre collection of ideas that adults thought were true when they were children. It will remind you what it was like to be a child, fascinated and horrified by the world in equal parts. The following pages will reassure you that the things you used to believe weren't so strange after all...

I Used To Believe
http://www.iusedtobelieve.com/

Tourism Concern

International Fair Trade in Tourism Network Tourism Concern has worked for several years to develop the concept and practice of what Fair Trade in Tourism should be. We have worked with a an International Fair Trade in Tourism Network. Through the Network, whose membership includes over 150 organisations from the travel industry, NGOs, and Universities, we have been examining the realities of the industry’s commitment in developing countries’ communities. We have found that in order to protect the attraction of tourism destinations and benefit destination communities more substantially, the industry must look towards ethical trading practices.

Tourism Concern
www.tourismconcern.org.uk/

Who You Should Know

WhoYouShouldKnow.com is a FREE educational Web site that provides a daily profile of an international leader or a person of significant global influence. The primary focus of WhoYouShouldKnow.com is to highlight international leaders as well as key business and humanitarian figures. Each weekday WhoYouShouldKnow.com features a different International leader and his or her home country. The featured profile contains a picture of the leader, a map of the country’s location in the world, a more detailed map of the country, as well as the country’s flag, links to other important statistics and factual data about the person and the country.

Who You Should Know
www.whoyoushouldknow.com

Institute for War & Peace Reporting
 
The Institute for War & Peace Reporting strengthens local journalism in areas of conflict. By training reporters, facilitating dialogue and providing reliable information, it supports peace, democracy and development in societies undergoing crisis and change.
 
IWPR's work is distinguished by intensive on-the-job training, practical collaboration between international and regional journalists to transfer skills and experience for the long term.
 
The Institute takes training out of the classroom and conference hall and brings it into the field, assisting the professional development of the media while addressing journalists' and editors' immediate, day-to-day priorities.

Institute for War & Peace Reporting
www.iwpr.net

AFRICA 05

Africa 05 is the biggest celebration of African culture ever organised in Britain. Between February and October a huge range of organisations from national museums to community centres will be hosting events that will celebrate the best African and diasporic arts.

Visual art, cinema, literature, history, music, craft, and performing arts: Africa 05 will give a real sense of the richness and complex diversity of African culture today.

The programme will include creative giants that we are probably familiar with; Baaba Maal, Wole Soyinka, but there will also be dozens of younger artists who will be working in Britain for the first time.



Africa 05
www.bbc.co.uk/bbcafrica/africa05/index.shtml

Department for International Development - Mission Statement

DFID, the Department for International Development: leading the British government’s fight against world poverty.

One in five people in the world today, over 1 billion people, live in poverty on less than one dollar a day. In an increasingly inter-dependent world, many problems - like conflict, crime, pollution, and diseases such as HIV and AIDS - are caused or made worse by poverty.

DFID supports long-term programmes to help tackle the underlying causes of poverty. DFID also responds to emergencies, both natural and man-made.

DFID’s work forms part of a global promise to 

  • halve the number of people living in extreme poverty and hunger
  • ensure that all children receive primary education
  • promote sexual equality and give women a stronger voice
  • reduce child death rates
  • improve the health of mothers
  • combat HIV & AIDS, malaria and other diseases
  • make sure the environment is protected
  • build a global partnership for those working in development

Department for International Development (DFID)
www.dfid.gov.uk/aboutdfid/missionstatement.asp/

DFID Free quarterly Developments magazine
www.developments.org.uk/

ECOWAS:
www.ecowas.info

African Union:
www.africa-union.org

United Nations Economic Commission For Africa:
www.uneca.org

The CIA In Ghana

In Nkrumah's emotional state we can easily find ourselves in an escalating fight and, given the Congressional (e.g. Dodd) animus against Nkrumah the whole Volta-Valco issue/4/ could well be revived. The question is less whether we want to use Volta as a club against Nkrumah than whether we want to expose the President to political embarrassment over the Volta commitment (even though it was President Kennedy's not his).

FOREIGN RELATIONS OF THE UNITED STATES
1964-1968
Declassified State Department Files on Ghana
www.state.gov/www/about_state/history/vol_xxiv/x.html

Ghana History
www.ghana.co.uk/history/history/ancient_ghana.htm

The Biafra War

The Federation of Nigeria, as it is known today, has never really been one homogeneous country, for it's widely differing peoples and tribes.  This obvious fact notwithstanding, the former colonial master decided to keep the country one in order to effectively control her vital resources for their economic interests. 

Nigerian Civil War (Biafra War)
www.africamasterweb.com/BiafranWarCauses.html

www.igbocsn.com/biafra.htm

www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/war/biafra.htm

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biafra

Bill Gates

Under Gates' leadership, Microsoft's mission has been to continually advance and improve software technology, and to make it easier, more cost-effective and more enjoyable for people to use computers. The company is committed to a long-term view, reflected in its investment of approximately $6.2 billion on research and development in the 2005 fiscal year.

Bill Gates
www.microsoft.com/billgates/default.asp

Gates Foundation
www.gatesfoundation.org/default.htm

Margaret Thatcher

Born in October 1925 at Grantham, a small market town in eastern England, she rose to become the first (and so far, the only) woman to lead a major Western democracy. She won three successive General Elections and served as British Prime Minister for more than eleven years (1979-90), a record unmatched in the twentieth century.

Margaret Thatcher
www.margaretthatcher.org

Malcolm X

The Official Web Site of Malcolm X has everything you want to know about this historical figure. Read his biography and read inspirational quotes from this talented speaker. Browse the photo gallery for pictures of Malcolm X throughout his life!

Malcolm X
www.cmgww.com/historic/malcolm/home.php

Gandhi

The M.K. Institute for Nonviolence was founded in 1991 by the grandson of Mahatma Gandhi, Arun Gandhi, and his wife, Sunanda. The Gandhis provided seed money for the Institute through the sale of Gandhiji’s letters to his son and daughter-in-law (Arun’s parents), Manilal and Sushila. Sustaining funds come from contributions, publications, program fees, and modest grants. The Institute is hosted by Christian Brothers University, which graciously provides offices for our work in nonviolence.

The Gandhi Institute
www.gandhiinstitute.org

The Official Mahatma Gandhi eArchive
www.mahatma.org.in/index.jsp

 

If you want to know how something works, this site just might have the answer!

How Stuff Works
www.howstuffworks.com

John Pilger

"It is not enough for journalists to see themselves as mere messengers without understanding the hidden agendas of the message and myths that surround it"

John Pilger
www.john-pilger.com

Kwame Nkrumah

"It is far easier for the proverbial camel to pass through the needle's eye, hump and all, than for an erstwhile colonial administration to give sound and honest counsel of a political nature to its liberated territory."

Kwame Nkrumah
www.nkrumah.net

Howard Zinn

Zinn was raised in a working-class family in Brooklyn, and flew bombing missions for the United States in World War II, an experience he now points to in shaping his opposition to war. In 1956, he became a professor at Spelman College in Atlanta, a school for black women, where he soon became involved in the Civil rights movement, which he participated in as an adviser to the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and chronicled, in his book SNCC: The New Abolitionists. Zinn collaborated with historian Staughton Lynd and mentored a young student named Alice Walker. When he was fired in 1963 for insubordination related to his protest work, he moved to Boston University, where he became a leading critic of the Vietnam War.

He is perhaps best known for A People's History of the United States, which presents American history through the eyes of those he feels are outside of the political and economic establishment.

Howard Zinn
www.howardzinn.org

Noam Chomsky

"Science is a bit like the joke about the drunk who is looking under a lamppost for a key that he has lost on the other side of the street, because that's where the light is. It has no other choice"

Noam Chomsky
www.chomsky.info

Ralph Nader

In 1963, Ralph Nader, then an unknown twenty-nine-year old attorney, abandoned a conventional law practice in Hartford, Connecticut, and hitchhiked to Washington, D.C., to begin a long odyssey of professional citizenship. "I had one suitcase," he recalled. "I stayed in the YMCA. Walked across a little street and had a hot dog, my last." (A few years later he would expose the repulsive ingredients that go into hot dogs.)

Ralph Nader
www.nader.org

Karl Marx

"Anyone who knows anything of history knows that great social changes are impossible without feminine upheaval. Social progress can be measured exactly by the social position of the fair sex, the ugly ones included"

Karl Marx
www.historyguide.org/intellect/marx.html

The Male Health Center was founded in 1989 by Dr. Kenneth A. Goldberg, a board-certified urologist. Dr. Goldberg created the center because there was a need to provide men with an integrated system of care that addressed all their needs.

Male Health
www.malehealthcenter.com

Africa

The Story of Africa tells the history of the continent from an African perspective.

Africa's top historians take a fresh look at the events and characters that have shaped the continent from the origins of humankind to the end of South African apartheid.


The Story of Africa

www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/index.shtml

The region of Sub-Saharan Africa pays $10 billion every year in debt service. That is about 4 times as much money as the countries in the region spend on health care and education.

Third world debt undermines development
www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Debt.asp

Third World Network
www.twnside.org.sg/econ_3.htm

"Antarctica is likely to be the world's only habitable continent by the end of this century if global warming remains unchecked."


Professor Sir David King,
Government chief scientist, UK.

Global Warming
www.globalwarming.org/

1 - 2 - 3 - 4

 



 


About The Site
   The Academic Site   The Dormitory Site   School Songs   
Eminent Old Boys   1876 - 2002   MOBA 78   Links